The task will develop methods for evaluating strategies for managing the impacts of fishing and other uses on biodiversity. Permanent MPAs in the NRSMPA will be taken as a given that we will complement with additional off-reserve management. Management options of particular interest will be spatial management and the use of spatial incentives. The project will use simulation modeling to predict the outcomes of management scenarios, and compare expected economic, social and biodiversity outcomes using performance relative to stakeholder identified criteria for each of these areas separately and in an integrated way using multi-criteria decision analysis.